Export of finnish waste management expertise to northwest
During this project, a market study of the waste management
sector of Arkangelsk city was carried out. In particular,
the city landfill and waste management logistics were
The research indicated that the location of the city landfill is not
acceptable according to present standards. The landfill site
is situated on a territory above underground water sources.
The mineral waters located under the site are not yet
polluted; however, the fact that the water is used in public
health is a cause for concern. The landfill site is also
positioned on a swamp, due to which the collection and
processing of landfill leachate is complicated. Moreover,
because landfill lining constructions were not built,
landfill seepage water escapes into the surrounding
environment. As for the nearby municipal area, according to
Russian law, the remoteness of the landfill is sufficient
(1,5km); nevertheless, the negative influence of the
landfill site on human wellbeing is apparent. The poor
quality of air, threat to the groundwater and pests affect
the comfort and health of people. Moreover, smoke from
landfill fires, spreading over the city are of added concern.
Therefore, it was concluded that, the ideal solution would
be to close the landfill, and actions need to be taken to
build the necessary environmental protection infrastructure.
These are, first and foremost; compression of waste,
landfill lining, collection, processing and treatment of
landfill leachate (Landfill analysis Raportti). The project
also calculated the investment costs needed to implement the
An action plan until the year 2010 was composed, outlining
investment projects. The plan includes establishing a waste
management and monitoring organization, amending local
legislation, development of a landfill and waste treatment
plant strategy, development of a source separation program,
reconstructing the economic structure for waste management,
and restructuring the logistics of the collection system.
Investigation of different funding sources for waste
management in the Arkhangelsk region was also carried out.
Recommendations were made to apply for a grant to NEFCO and
A source separation pilot experiment as a part of the action
plan was designed and implemented in the Varavino area of
Arkangelsk city in 2005 (20.10.05-15.12.05).
The goal of the experiment was to start forming a public
awareness campaign, and monitor the opinion and behavior of
citizens of Arkangelsk regarding separate collection systems
and reuse of municipal solid waste, as common ways of
handling their garbage. It is expected that implementing
source separation systems would reduce the amount of waste
to be disposed on landfill and, therefore, would contribute
to extending the life of the landfill site.
City of Oulu, Head Consulting Ltd, HFT Network Ltd, Oulu's
waste management, Ecofoster Ltd, Savonia Polytechnic and
- Interreg III A Karelia
1.3.2004 - 31.12.2005